Toyota Forklift Trucks History
The company was founded in the late 19th century by a man named Sakichi Toyoda. He was the first in Japan to develop and mass-produce power weaving machines. They significantly increased the efficiency of the textile industry, significantly increasing the production of fabrics. In the future, the company mastered all new areas of activity. In 1939, the first Toyota forklift appeared. It was a 3-ton electric machine, ultra-modern for its time. But because of the Second World War, only a few test samples were released, which never received mass use.
Until the beginning of the 50s, Japanese self-propelled warehouse equipment did not receive development. Toyota was solving other, military tasks, and after the start of the American occupation, the company was on the verge of bankruptcy. But since the fifties, it was the Americans who became one of the first customers for Japanese forklift trucks. It was then that mass production of the Toyota forklift began. In 1955, the world saw a 1-ton model with a gasoline engine. It has proven itself well both at industrial facilities and in ports, at military bases. Thanks to its high performance and affordable cost, Toyota has firmly established itself as a leader in the domestic Japanese loading equipment market.
By the mid-60s, Toyota forklift trucks entered the international market. Small orders started coming in back in 1964. But the first truly large order came in 1965. The Port of Singapore, one of the largest in the world, has ordered more than 150 Toyota forklifts. Since that time, warehouse equipment from this Japanese manufacturer appears in the Asian region, is purchased in bulk in the USSR, and enters the markets of the USA and France. Until 1986, the volume of production of forklifts increased until it reached the mark of 200,000 units of equipment sold.
Since 1975, the trend towards the fight against exhaust gases has been gaining momentum in the world. Toyota engineers reacted with full responsibility to the trend in the development of environmentally friendly technology. Since that time, each generation of loading equipment has a lower level of fuel consumption than the previous, earlier models. Toyota trucks are equipped with special filters, hybrid engines are being developed, and special attention is paid to the production of electric trucks.
By the early 1990s, Japan was facing a massive economic crisis. Classic Toyota forklift models were in little demand, sales were falling or staying at the same level. The company could not withstand competition with European manufacturers, suffered losses from new customs obstacles. Therefore, the focus was again made on the domestic Japanese market, namely on medium and small businesses. In 1994, the 6FG / FD small loader was launched with low payload and affordable cost. This decision, combined with the end of the economic recession in the United States, allowed the company to regain its leadership position. By 1995, the number of vehicles sold reached 1,000,000 units. Toyota Corporation is actively buying up European business, launching production in the USA and France. And finally, in 1999, the seventh generation of Toyota forklifts with a lifting capacity of 1-3.5 tons was released. As it turned out, such a range of warehouse equipment turned out to be the most in demand.
By 2003, the Japanese company released a new type of electric forklift, the 7FB model, which proved itself well in indoor and outdoor work sites with moderate temperature conditions. A special line of heavy-duty forklifts has been developed specifically for the CIS countries. They were distinguished by greater durability, stability and prolonged exposure to temperatures below -5 ° C. 2006 was a landmark year for Toyota forklift trucks. It was then that the company gained worldwide recognition as a leader in the sales of floor equipment for handling, warehouse operations. Until 2019 inclusive, the company retains its position, and constantly leads the TOP-10 manufacturers of forklifts.
Types of Toyota forklifts: characteristics, features of use
To date, this Japanese machinery manufacturer has focused on the following three types of forklift trucks:
Diesel. According to some reports, such trucks are used for 68% of all industries and businesses. Its engine runs on relatively cheap diesel fuel, and the installed filters effectively reduce the amount of harmful substances in the exhaust gases. It is ideal for outdoor work sites. All of the heaviest forklifts are diesel powered. Such warehouse equipment is distinguished by its endurance and is not afraid of sudden temperature changes. Only Toyota diesel forklifts provide a normal working process in frosts below -5 ° C, as they are unpretentious to operating conditions.
Gas. Such forklift trucks operate on gas cylinders or gas-petrol mixture. The exhaust from this fuel is better filtered. Therefore, gas forklifts are often used in closed work sites in rooms with a normally functioning ventilation system. They are also used in open spaces. They have a high level of efficiency and are suitable for high humidity and low temperatures down to -5 ° C.
Electric. Although the most expensive Toyota loader is, it is the greenest and does not consume fossil fuels at all. It is powered by special traction batteries that need to be recharged and periodically replaced with new ones. The electric forklift is best suited for use in closed warehouses with a regulated indoor climate. They are well suited for large logistics centers, grocery supermarket warehouses and other facilities that do not handle extra heavy loads.